Polyphemus

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Odysseus In The Cave Of Polyphemus Jacob Jordaens - mythological painting 1635 Odysseus In The Cave Of Polyphemus Jacob Jordaens - mythological painting 1635

 

is the giant son of Poseidon and Thoosa in Greek mythology, one of the Cyclopes described in the Odyssey. Polyphemus first appears as a savage man-eating giant in the ninth book of Homer's Odyssey. Some later Classical writers link his name with the nymph Galatea and present him in a different light.


Odysseus and Polyphemus
Polyphemus Jean-Leon Gerome
Polyphemus Jean-Leon Gerome

Homer tells us that Ulysses during his long journey home from the Trojan War, he landed in the Land of the Cyclops. Driven by curiosity, Ulysses reached the cave of the most terrible of all, Polyphemus, where he and his companions were captured by the giant. They were also eaten and devoured six men of the twelve chosen by Ulysses to explore the island. Trapped in the cave of the Cyclops, whose entrance was blocked by a huge boulder, Odysseus devised a plan to escape the captivity of Polyphemus. As a first move, he offered the sweet wine and the Cyclops very strong, to make him fall into a deep sleep. Polyphemus looked with favor so much wine that Odysseus promised a gift, however, asking him his name. Ulysses, cunningly, then answered his name "None"; "And I will eat Nobody last," was the gift of the Cyclops. Polyphemus then fell fast asleep, stunned by wine. Here Ulysses put in place the second part of his plan. For he, along with his companions, had prepared a stick of considerable size made from an olive tree that was planted once red-hot the eye of the Cyclops dormant by the Greeks. Polyphemus screamed so loud as to arouse from sleep the cyclops his brothers. They then ran to the door of his cave while Ulysses and his comrades were hiding near the Cyclops Polyphemus flock. The cyclops Polyphemus asked why he had screamed so loud and why he was crying for help, and he told them that "None" was trying to kill him. The Cyclops drunk thinking it then left him in his grief. The next morning, while Polyphemus was out his flock to free him, since he would no longer be able to drive it, Odysseus and his men fled through another clever ploy, which was part of the third part of his plan. Each of them have in fact gripped the belly fleece of a sheep to escape the touch of Polyphemus, the Cyclops because it was placed in front of the cave door, feeling every sheep in output to prevent the Greeks to flee. Ulysses, last to get out of the cave, made him clinging largest of the battering, the favorite of the Cyclops. Aware of the Greeks escape, Polyphemus went on a promontory, where, blind, began to throw rocks against the sea, in an attempt to sink the ship. Here Ulysses made a mistake. Nth dry fire Giant, Ulysses, laughing, he cried out, "If anyone asks you who has blinded you, answer that was not Oudeis (" None "), but Odysseus of Ithaca!", Thus revealing her real name. Polyphemus, then came to know the identity of Greek, had to curse him, calling his father Poseidon and begging him to never do return home.

ACIS & GALATEA 

The Triumph Of Galatea Raphael
The Triumph Of Galatea Raphael

According to the mythology Acireale named after the shepherd Acis, son of the god Pan, protector of the mountains and woods. Legend has it the great love that united Aci Galatea, beautiful sea nymph from very expensive skin milky gods. But the love between the two young men turned on the jealousy of the monstrous giant Polyphemus, who after the rejection of Galatea Aci body flung on a giant boulder that crushed it. As soon as the news reached Galatea realized where was the body of Acis. At the sight of her love and fell on him crying all the tears in his body. The endless crying of Galatea awakened the compassion of the gods who wanted to alleviate her torment transforming Acis into a beautiful river that descends from Etna and flows into the beach where the two lovers used to meet. From the blood of the shepherd he was born therefore a river called Akis by the Greeks, now mostly underground but which resurfaces as a source close to Santa Maria La Scala (marine town, near Acireale) flowing into a spring called "u sangu Jaci" ( Aci's blood).

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